I’ve become somewhat more of an Emacs celebrity than I could have predicted. After giving that talk and spending a couple years blogging and tweeting about Emacs, people frequently ask for my opinion or advice regarding its use, how to learn it, or whether to learn it at all.
Today I want to share my long-form answer to a few related questions that I get asked pretty often. Those questions are, roughly:
- Should I start using Evil Mode right away, or learn “pure” Emacs first?
- Should I learn Vim before using Evil Mode?
- Is Emacs the right editor for me if I am a: computer science student, professional programmer, astronaut, whatever?
The answer is: maybe.
First, chances are very high that your situation is different from mine, and so the reasoning behind my decision to give Emacs a try and then spend two years evangelizing about it may not apply to you.
I gave Emacs a shot because I wanted to see what all the fuss over Org Mode was about. After spending a couple of days getting Evil Mode working to my satisfaction, it became abundantly clear to me that Emacs was a far superior system when compared to Vim (7.4, or so). Neovim is chipping away at that divide, but I still believe Emacs is superior.
There are some things that Emacs is extremely good at. There are other things that it is not very good at. The same can be said of Vim, or Neovim, or Sublime Text, or Atom, or whatever tool you are using.
So let me answer all of the original questions in two parts.
The Vim Paradigm is Life-Changing
The one universal piece of advice that I give to everyone (whether they ask for it or not) is that the modal editing system that Vim made famous is the most efficient and powerful approach yet devised and that you will fail to reach your full potential if you choose not to learn it.
Though the editor you choose for any particular purpose is an important choice, and one that will likely have an impact on your ability to excel at any given task, the Vim modal editing system will have a greater magnifying effect on your capacity for editing raw text than any other skill or technique or tool that you will learn.
If you read this whole post and come away with only one thing, let it be this
very strong urging that you put down your cup of coffee and your tablet and
vimtutor, right now.
Emacs Isn’t Right For Everything
So, should you learn to use Emacs, or try Emacs for the first time in order to do task XYZ? Maybe.
If you are going to do real, professional, challenging work in PHP or Java, it is very likely that you’ll be faster and more accurate in PhpStorm or IntelliJ (respectively). If you are going to be spending weeks or months hacking on .NET code, you should really use Visual Studio.
In short, there is no substitute for a real IDE. Vim and Emacs can both make use of external programs like GNU Global, ctags, or syntax checkers and linters that make the editor feel pretty smart. But, at least as far as I know, none of them are as powerful or feature-rich as a purpose-built IDE.
Fortunately, there are Vim-style editing extensions for all of them! For Visual
Studio there is VsVim; for PhpStorm, IntelliJ, DataGrip, and the other JetBrains
products there is IdeaVim; for Sublime Text there is Vintage Mode; for Chrome
there is Vimium; for your shell there is
set -o vi.
Now, if what you need a text editor for is smaller projects, or projects in languages other than those above, and if you’re interested in learning a Lisp and becoming a wizard who wields their editing environment like some immeasurably powerful, flaming magical poisonous scepter and renders their foes into dust with the subtlest flick of the wrist, then learn Emacs. And use Evil Mode.
Likewise, if you spend most of your days struggling through an organizational nightmare of running projects, requests, random ideas, meetings, emails, and time-bound tasks, I haven’t found any solution superior to Org Mode.
So, in short, choose the right tool for the job.
But make sure it supports a Vim input system.