I'm sure that this is not news to many of you, but rbenv is awesome. Because I faced some challenges along the way while setting up this Octopress blog environment and have now gone through the motions on both my Mac laptop and Linux desktop, I am going to take a few minutes to share my findings.
If you have no interest in using Ruby, you can move along.
What is rbenv?
For those who don't know, rbenv is a sort of *NIX-oriented way of creating a Ruby walled garden with the precise version of Ruby itself and its associated gems captured in a way that doesn't affect the rest of your system. Primarily, this allows you to indicate a specific Ruby version that your application requires and ensure that it doesn't change. You can feel free to upgrade your system's Ruby distribution and it will not meddle with your application.
As an added bonus, gem-based tools like bundler are also captured and controlled by rbenv so you don't have conflicts with your system installation of bundler, for example. Getting all of this to work is actually not too hard, but it can be more of a challenge if you have, just for example, a Mac laptop that has had several Ruby applications run on it in the past and a muddle of bizarre gems scattered all around.
The general methodology of rbenv is very similar to Python's virtualenv (which serves essentially the same purpose on the Python side of the fence). You build Ruby itself into a specific location, load some path-management commands into one of your shell configuration scripts, and then whenever you run ruby, bundle, gem, etc., you actually run a “shim” command that rbenv provides, which redirects all of the internal Ruby path settings (classpath, basically) to find the precise stuff you're looking for.
Moreover, a handy little
.ruby-version file is created in your application's
directory when you choose a version, so that “tag,” if you will, lives
alongside your app and can inform other people what version they will need to
satisfy with their own rbenv environments.
With rbenv and bundler combined, you can rest assured that all support libraries are sane and organized, which is pretty awesome.
OK, so how do we install it?
I won't go step-by-step through the instructions that are already out there, but I will link to everything you need and explain some of the caveats and semi-weirdness that I encountered.
First, you need rbenv itself. If you are on a Mac, you should use Homebrew to install it, and that is covered in the rbenv README.
If you are in some flavor of Debian or Ubuntu or probably Gentoo, you can get rbenv from your package management system du jour, maybe something like this:
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get install rbenv
Once that's installed, you are also going to want the
also by Sam Stephenson, which streamlines the download and compilation of your
selected version(s) of Ruby. This is covered on the
ruby-build github page, but I had some issue installing it as a plugin,
which I'll cover next.
I attempted to clone the project straight in
instructed, but rbenv could never find the command. I would run
rbenv install and it would just tell me that the command could not be found. So I
opted for the system-wide installation, which, at least in my case, is not a
big deal because I'm the only user of the system. To do this, you clone the
project wherever you want and run its installer script:
$ git clone git://github.com/sstephenson/ruby-build ruby-build $ cd ruby-build $ sudo ./install.sh
It will install the
ruby-build executable into
/usr/local/bin along with
rbenv-uninstall plugin commands and then you can
ruby-build itself, or run
rbenv install to install new Ruby
None of the rbenv black magic works without updating your shell initialization
scripts. For most folks (I think), this is one of
.bashrc. For those using other shells, you know what your initialization
script is. The rbenv README goes into detail about that, but suffice it
to say, you need to update these files and explicitly source them or restart
your terminal session before things will work correctly.
When it comes to building versions of Ruby, if you are using
directly as I am, you need to specify the installation location yourself. I
recommend using the default location,
~/.rbenv/versions/<version name>. So
if you wanted to install 1.9.3-p392, you would run:
$ ruby-build 1.9.3-p392 ~/.rbenv/versions/1.9.3-p392
I'm fairly sure that you can name the destination directory however you'd
like, but it seems to make sense to name it for the exact Ruby version. Once
the build completes, you will be able to set the version for any directory
So that's about it. If I left anything out that you have questions about, or if I was… You know… Wrong… About anything… Please leave a comment below! I'll reply, I promise.